Mark: That ref in 1946 was to introduce s51.23e but it didn’t ratify the Constitution itself Billy Hughes, when he returned from signing the Versailles Treaty in 1919 in France, tried to get the Constitution ratified but his own incumbent Labour party obstructed him.

Anyhow, the old saying is bullsh baffles brains Darren is an excellent researcher. He is right in that federal Law over rides State law to the extent of any controversy between them. That’s why we teach largely to stick to federal law, and the Rules of equity. We can use s51.23e against them & if they don’t know the CONstitution is invalid then its their problem

I rely on Rules of Equity, as the whole world knows it prevails. Therefore all transactions require CONSENT
that is powerful